1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

But that move is probably not enough, as the publisher Hindawi uncovered this past springtime. Although Hindawi doesn’t let authors suggest reviewers because of their manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends mainly on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Because the peer reviewers selected by the guest editors were not subject to any sort of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies did elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted positive reviews endorsing publication.The scholarly study was approved by the institutional review board at each participating site. All the authors vouch for the precision and completeness of the info and for the fidelity of the analysis to the process. Lymphocyte Immortalization and DNA Evaluation We generated lymphoblastoid cell lines from 17 family. Total RNA was isolated, complementary DNA was produced, and Sanger sequencing was performed on the cDNA by using primers spanning the exon 2 and 3 boundaries.